Disability is the umbrella concept resulting from the interaction between impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that prevent a person's full and effective participation in the society. Intellectual disability belongs to the general aspect of disability, being a disorder with onset in the child's developmental period. It includes deficits in intellectual and adaptative functioning in the conceptual, social, and practical areas. Children with intellectual disabilities constitute one of the most vulnerable population groups in any society, facing barriers to participation in society and being at increased risk for a wide range of associated problems. Their education is both a priority and a concern for societies, and it is often marked by challenges in terms of inclusion in the appropriate form of education.
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